Swiss New Energy Act (2018)

In a meeting on 7th December, 2018, the federal government authorised the strategic Action Programme Energy Switzerland. This allows the programme which has been in place since 2001 to be extended to the period 2021 to 2030. Its purpose is to contribute to the implementation of the Energy Strategy 2050 by creating a centralised platform for the information, consultation, education and quality assurance regarding energy efficiency and renewable energy.

The budget has been reduced from 55 million francs to 44 million francs, since third party investment from partnerships with private industry is anticipated.

The Federal Office for Energy, on 3.12.18, put out the ninth call for tenders for projects for energy saving in households and the services sector. 17 projects for 2.3 million francs

Since 2007, the Federal Council (Bundesrat) has concentrated on four pillars of the energy strategy. These are energy efficiency, renewable energies, construction and refurbishment of power stations, and foreign energy policies.

Energy Strategy 2050 is a continuation of the 2007 strategic aims, with some modification to its aims and adds specific targets. The Fukushima disaster in 2011 prompted a reassessment of the position on nuclear power, and the gradual withdrawal from nuclear dependency. It stopped short of a foreclosure programme, allowing nuclear power stations to continue operation provided they are safe. No new nuclear power stations may be built.

On September 30, 2013, the Swiss Parliament approved the New Energy Act, which, along with amendments to various federal laws, placed more focus on efficiency, hydropower potential and new renewables. An amendment to the Energy Act came into force in early 2014. The first package of measures of the ES2050 was adopted by Parliament in Autumn 2016, and was challenged. This led to a call of a referendum. The outcome of the referendum, held on 21 May 2017 was strongly on the side of the new measures of the Energy Strategy 2050, which duly came into force on 1 January 2018. On December 15, 2017, the Electricity Grid Strategy came into force.

The second package, the climate and energy management system (KELS), failed to gain enough support.

New Energy Act: 3 strategic objectives:

– Increasing energy efficiency in buildings, mobility, industry and appliances

– Measures to increase the use of RE (promotion and legal framework)

– withdrawal from nuclear energy (no new general licences, safety as sole criteria for step-by-step closures)

Target of ES 2020

50% increase in the percentage of RE generated electricity by 2020 cp 2015.

Most of new RE will be waste-to-energy and PV.

Wind energy, biomass, biogas and geothermal will also increase slightly.

The Swiss Energy Strategy 2050 is a programme covering targets and measures for the safe, reliable, efficient and affordable energy supply. It seeks to gurarantee a stable supply which keeps step with economic and population growth, but places emphasis on expanding renewable energy, including hydropower. It also plans to modernize the electricity transmission network, and to secure access to the European electricity market, to allow flexibility of demand and supply.

Currently, CH emits 38 million tonnes of CO2 annually. The CO2 law requires this to reduce by 20% by 2020.

ElCom calls for Winter Electricity Supply gurantees to be made law.

The Coordinated Energy Research in CH action plan (Swiss Competence Centres for Energy Research) predicts in 2020 4.5GWh in non-hydro RE (PV = 1GWh, waste (50% renewable) = 1GWh, and the other RE (wind, wood, biogas) at 600MWh and geothermal at 150MW.

Half of the network surcharge (KEV) of 2.3 c/kWh, or 1.2 c, is for feed-in renumeration for RE plants. This is small compared to the German FiT of 6.2c. These will be phased out after six years, and as of 2031, no new investment contributions / one-time renumeration will be made.

New RE and small hydro (<10MW) 2009-2017 received cost-covering feed-in-tarif (KEV)

From 2014 this was replaced by one-off compensation (Einmalverg├╝tung) with 1.5c/kWh grid surcharge

From 01 Jan 2018, grid surcharge 2.3c/kWh, modified feed-in tariff (with obligations for direct marketing). Now operated by Pronovo AG.

SFOE raised PV subsidies for 2019 and shortened renumeration times

SFOE calculates rooftop PV potential is 50 GWh