German EEG levy

Germany has operated a successful electricity subsidy system since at least 2000, when the Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (2000) replaced the Stromeinspeisungsgesetz (1991). Electricity consumers are now paying around 20-25% extra on their electricity bills to provide financial security for solar investors.

The subsidy is called EEG (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz, the Renewable Energy Law), and the subsidy, EEG-Umlage, has increased two-fold since 2011 (euro-cents per kWh):

2011: 3.53

2012: 3.59

2013: 5.28

2014: 6.24

2015: 6.17

2016: 6.35

2017: 6.88

2018: 6.79

2019: 6.14

2020 (Agora Energiewende estimate August 2019): 6.5-6.7