EU Energy Targets

The European Union is a world leader in environmental and energy policies, and has a 2050 climate target, with two intermediate targets for 2020 and 2030. Member states must submit final 10-year plans by the end of 2019, demonstrating how they intend to meet their climate targets for share of renewable energy, efficiency and reductions in CO2 emissions.

By 2015, GHGs had already been reduced by 22% in the EU. Renewables (wind power, solar power (thermal, photovoltaic and concentrated), hydro power, tidal power, geothermal energy, biofuels and the renewable part of waste) had reached 16.7% share of energy by 2015. At current rates of improvement, energy efficiency will be 18-19% by 2020.

2020: in all member states, greenhouse gases will be reduced by at least 20% compared to 1990, at least 20% of all energy will be from renewable sources, and there will be an improvement in energy efficiency of 20% compared to 2008.

The current sources of GHGs in the EU-28 (2015) are: fuel combustion (excl. transport) 55%, transport (road and aviation) 23%, industry 8%, agriculture 10%, waste management 3%.

2030: Greenhouse gas emissions -40% c.p. 1990; at least 27% of all energy will be from renewable sources; energy efficiency +32.5% c.p. 2008; proportion renewables in total energy 32%. New cars and trucks must reduce CO2 emmissions by 30-37.5%. There is also a clause specifying that 15% electricity transboundary interconnection would be allowed and desirable. In June 2019, the EU Commission released a report stating that the provisional climate plans of member states were insufficient to meet these targets.

2050: The EU Commission proposes a target of climate neutrality for the EU by 2050. This means that all CO2 emissions must be eliminated or compensated for, such as through emmission-reduction projects in developing countries. The Energy Roadmap 2050 reports that to achieve carbon neutrality will require an EU reduction in CO2 emissions of 80-95%, and thereby a renewable share of energy of at least 80%.

EU Energy Strategy Targets



GHG = Greenhouse Gas emissions reduction c.p. 1990
RE = Renewable Energy share of total energy
Eff.= Efficiency of energy use c.p. 2008
*2015 achieved by end 2015