German Electricity Trade Balance, 2017-2018

Germany had a net export of 52.1 TWh (8% of total generation) in 2018, a decrease of 13% over 2017. The decrease is due to higher CO2 costs, which drove up the wholesale price of electricity. Austria was the largest recipient of German electricity (despite the division of the bidding zone), followed by France and the Netherlands.

The value of the exports was 3.8 bn € at an average trading price of 44.5 €/MWh. Imports cost 1.83 bn € at 55.3 €/MWh. The net value of exports was 2 bn €, more than the 1.4 bn € in 2017, despite the fall in net exports.

German Electricity Import/Export, 2017-2018

CountryImport from /TWhExport to /TWhBalance
Austria10.135.024.9
Czech Republic6.54.9-1.6
Denmark5.65.2-0.4
Switzerland4.88.84.0
France3.812.78.9
Sweden1.20.3-0.9
Poland0.61.40.9
Netherlands0.413.012.5
Luxemburg0.23.83.6
Total33.185.352.1

Source: https://www.agora-energiewende.de/fileadmin2/Projekte/2018/Jahresauswertung_2018/125_Agora-JAW-2018_WEB.pdf